Triolo, Ronald, Ph.D.

Research Statement

My research interests are in the areas of rehabilitation engineering, biomechanics of human movement, posture and locomotion, pressure sore prevention and seated reach. In particular, I am investigating the application of functional electrical stimulation (FES) for standing, transfers in and out of the wheelchair, stepping and seated trunk control in persons with spinal cord injuries.

Professional Affiliations

  • Investigator, Cleveland FES Center
  • Executive Director, Advanced Platform Technology (APT Center)
  • Director, Motion Study Laboratory, and Senior Research Career Scientist, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center,Cleveland, OH
  • Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, and Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH
  • Bioscientific Staff, Department of Orthopaedics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH

Publications (Select)

      • Nataraj R, Audu ML, Triolo RJ. Comparing joint kinematics and center of mass acceleration as feedback for control of standing balance by functional neuromuscular stimulation. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2012 May 6;9(1):25. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 22559852.
      • Triolo RJ, Bailey SN, Miller ME, Rohde LM, Anderson JS, Davis JA Jr, Abbas JJ,DiPonio LA, Forrest GP, Gater DR Jr, Yang LJ. Longitudinal performance of a surgically implanted neuroprosthesis for lower-extremity exercise, standing, and transfers after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2012 May;93(5):896-904. PubMed PMID: 22541312.
      • Freeberg MJ, Schiefer MA, Triolo RJ. Efficient search and fit methods to find nerve stimulation parameters for multi-contact electrodes. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2011;2011:7238-41. PubMed PMID: 22256009.
      • Schiefer MA, Tyler DJ, Triolo RJ. Probabilistic modeling of selective stimulation of the human sciatic nerve with a flat Interface Nerve Electrode. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2011;2011:4068-71. PubMed PMID: 22255234.
      • Fisher LE, Anderson JS, Tyler DJ, Triolo RJ. Optimization of stimulus parameters for selective peripheral nerve stimulation with multi-contact electrodes. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2011;2011:3039-42. PubMed PMID: 22254980.
      • Bulea TC, Kobetic R, Triolo RJ. Restoration of stance phase knee flexion during walking after spinal cord injury using a variable impedance orthosis. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2011;2011:608-11. PubMed PMID: 22254383.
      • Schiefer MA, Tyler DJ, Triolo RJ. Probabilistic modeling of selective stimulation of the human sciatic nerve with a flat interface nerve electrode. J Comput Neurosci. 2012 Jan 6. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 22222951; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3357453.
      • Dutta A, Kobetic R, Triolo RJ. An objective method for selecting command sources for myoelectrically triggered lower-limb neuroprostheses. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2011;48(8):935-48. PubMed PMID: 22068372.
      • Forrest GP, Smith TC, Triolo RJ, Gagnon J, Dirisio D, Miller ME, Rhodi L. Use of the Case Western Reserve/Veterans Administration neuroprosthesis for exercise,standing and transfers by a paraplegic subject. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol.2012 Jul;7(4):340-4. Epub 2011 Nov 4. PubMed PMID: 22053832.
      • Nataraj R, Audu ML, Kirsch RF, Triolo RJ. Trunk acceleration for neuroprosthetic control of standing: a pilot study. J Appl Biomech. 2012 Feb;28(1):85-92. Epub 2011 Oct 4. PubMed PMID: 21975251.
      • To CS, Kobetic R, Bulea TC, Audu ML, Schnellenberger JR, Pinault G, Triolo RJ. Stance control knee mechanism for lower-limb support in hybrid neuroprosthesis. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2011;48(7):839-50. PubMed PMID: 21938668.
      • Audu ML, Nataraj R, Gartman SJ, Triolo RJ. Posture shifting after spinal cord injury using functional neuromuscular stimulation--a computer simulation study. J Biomech. 2011 Jun 3;44(9):1639-45. PubMed PMID: 21536290.

      Research Programs

      Contact Information   

      Contact Name: Laura Polacek
      Contact Number: (216)778-3480
      Contact Email:,