Areas of Interest

  • Deep Brain Stimulation
  • Dystonia
  • Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Intrathecal Baclofen
  • Mechanisms of Effect of DBS
  • Movement Disorders
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Tremors

Publications (Select)

Entire publication list can be found here.

  • Ajiboye AB, Willett FR, Young DR, Memberg WD, Murphy BA, Miller JP, Walter BL, Sweet JA, Hoyen HA, Keith MW, Peckham PH, Simeral JD, Donoghue JP, Hochberg LR, Kirsch RF. Restoration of reaching and grasping movements through brain-controlled muscle stimulation in a person with tetraplegia: a proof-of-concept demonstration. Lancet. 2017 May 6;389(10081):1821-1830. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30601-3. Epub 2017 Mar 28. PubMed PMID: 28363483.
  • Willett FR, Murphy BA, Memberg WD, Blabe CH, Pandarinath C, Walter BL, Sweet JA, Miller JP, Henderson JM, Shenoy KV, Hochberg LR, Kirsch RF, Ajiboye AB. Signal-independent noise in intracortical brain-computer interfaces causes movement time properties inconsistent with Fitts’ law. J Neural Eng. 2017 Apr;14(2):026010. doi: 10.1088/1741-2552/aa5990. Epub 2017 Feb 8. PubMed PMID: 28177925; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5371026.
  • Willett FR, Pandarinath C, Jarosiewicz B, Murphy BA, Memberg WD, Blabe CH, Saab J, Walter BL, Sweet JA, Miller JP, Henderson JM, Shenoy KV, Simeral JD, Hochberg LR, Kirsch RF, Ajiboye AB. Feedback control policies employed by people using intracortical brain-computer interfaces. J Neural Eng. 2017 Feb;14(1):016001. doi: 10.1088/1741-2560/14/1/016001. Epub 2016 Nov 30. PubMed PMID: 27900953; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5239755.
  • Espay AJ, Pagan FL, Walter BL, Morgan JC, Elmer LW, Waters CH, Agarwal P, Dhall R, Ondo WG, Klos KJ, Silver DE. Optimizing extended-release carbidopa/levodopa in Parkinson disease: Consensus on conversion from standard therapy. Neurol Clin Pract. 2017 Feb;7(1):86-93. doi: 10.1212/CPJ.0000000000000316. Review. PubMed PMID: 28243505; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5310207.
  • Rossi PJ, Giordano J, Walter BL, Okun MS. Ethical Considerations of Broadcasting Awake Brain Stimulation Surgery: Reigniting a Debate. Brain Stimul. 2016 May-Jun;9(3):320-2. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2016.03.012. Epub 2016 Mar 21. PubMed PMID: 27068233.
  • Shamir RR, Dolber T, Noecker AM, Walter BL, McIntyre CC. Machine Learning Approach to Optimizing Combined Stimulation and Medication Therapies for Parkinson’s Disease. Brain Stimul. 2015 Jun 15; doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2015.06.003 Pubmed PMID: 26140956
  • Ridgel AL, Walter BL, Tatsuoka C, Walter EM, Colón-Zimmermann K, Welter E, Sajatovic M. Enhanced Exercise Therapy in Parkinson’s disease: A comparative effectiveness trial. J Sci Med Sport. 2015 Feb 7; doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2015.01.005 Pubmed PMID: 25709055
  • Sweet JA, Walter BL, Miller JP, McIntyre CC. Response. J Neurosurg. 2014 Aug;121(2):495. Pubmed PMID: 25221808
  • Sweet JA, Walter BL, Munyon C, Miller JP. Multitract orthogonal microelectrode localization of the subthalamic nucleus: description of a novel technique. Neurosurgery. 2014 Jun;10 Suppl 2:240–245; discussion 245. doi: 10.1227/NEU.0000000000000295 Pubmed PMID: 24448181
  • Shamir RR, Dolbert T, Noecker AM, Frankemolle AM, Walter BL, McIntyre CC. A method for predicting the outcomes of combined pharmacologic and deep brain stimulation therapy for Parkinson’s disease. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2014;17(Pt 2):188–195. Pubmed PMID: 25485378
  • Carr SJ, Borreggine K, Heilman J, Griswold M, Walter BLNovel magnetomechanical MR compatible vibrational device for producing kinesthetic illusion during fMRI. Med Phys. 2013 Nov;40(11):112303. doi: 10.1118/1.4824695 Pubmed PMID: 24320459


Cleveland FES Center

Medical Director, Deep Brain Stimulation Program
Section Head, Movement Disorders
Cleveland Clinic

Associate Professor, Neurology, School of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University

Director, Movement Disorder Center
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center


Program Contact
Benjamin Walter

Contact Number
(216) 844-3192

Contact Email