My research centers on development of new interventions for training human function after neurologic injury using virtual reality and electrical stimulation.

These interventions are the result of translating technologies from the areas of robotics, human-computer interfaces, and virtual environments.

Research Programs

Publications (Select)

Entire publication list can be found here.

  • Fu MJ, Knutson JS, Chae J. Stroke Rehabilitation Using Virtual Environments. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2015 Nov;26(4):747-57. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2015.06.001. Epub 2015 Aug 1. Review. PubMed PMID: 26522910; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4630676.
  • Knutson JS, Fu MJ, Sheffler LR, Chae J. Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation for Motor Restoration in Hemiplegia. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2015 Nov;26(4):729-45. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2015.06.002. Epub 2015 Aug 14. Review. PubMed PMID: 26522909; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4630679.
  • Fu MJ, Hershberger AD, Sano K, Cavuşoğlu MC. Effect of Visuo-Motor Co-location on 3D Fitts’ Task Performance in Physical and Virtual Environments. Presence (Camb). 2012 Summer;21(3):305-320. PubMed PMID: 24348003; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3860595.
  • Knutson JS, Harley MY, Hisel TZ, Makowski NS, Fu MJ, Chae J. Contralaterally controlled functional electrical stimulation for stroke rehabilitation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012;2012:314-7. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6345932. Review. PubMed PMID: 23365893; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3561720.
  • Fu MJ, Cavuşoğlu MC. Human-arm-and-hand-dynamic model with variability analyses for a stylus-based haptic interface. IEEE Trans Syst Man Cybern B Cybern. 2012 Dec;42(6):1633-44. doi: 10.1109/TSMCB.2012.2197387. Epub 2012 Jun 5. PubMed PMID: 22692923.
  • Fu MJ, Daly JJ, Cavuşoğlu MC. A detection scheme for frontalis and temporalis muscle EMG contamination of EEG data. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2006;1:4514-8. PubMed PMID: 17946635.


Cleveland FES Center

Research Scientist
Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center

Assistant Professor
Case Western Reserve University
Dept. of Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering
Dept. of Physical Medicine + Rehabilitation at MetroHealth System
Dept. of Computer and Data Sciences


Program Contact
Michael Fu

Contact Number
(216) 368-0355

Case Western Reserve University – School of Engineering
Interfaces & Interventions

Contact Email