Dr. Hardwick’s research interests were in the areas of restoration of upper extremity function in stroke and spinal cord injury and mechanisms behind and treatment of post-stroke shoulder pain.

Publications (Select)

  • Hardwick DD, Lang CE. Scapular and humeral movement pattes of people with stroke during range-of-motion exercises. J Neurol Phys Ther. 2011 Mar;35(1):18-25. PubMed PMID: 21475080; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3090071.
  • Bland MD, Beebe JA, Hardwick DD, Lang CE. Restricted active range of motion at the elbow, forearm, wrist, or fingers decreases hand function. J Hand Ther. 2008 Jul-Sep;21(3):268-74; quiz 275. PubMed PMID: 18652972.



Post-doc and Investigator
Cleveland FES Center

Research Health Scientist
Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center