Kirsch, Robert, PhD

Kirsch-webResearch Statement

Since I joined the FES Center in 1993, my primary research area has been the restoration of arm function in individuals with paralysis resulting from cervical spinal cord injury, primarily through the use of FNS. I have four main areas of interest:

  • Using a model of the shoulder adapted to reflect cervical spinal cord injuries to evaluate potential interventions and control strategies.
  • Determining the three dimensional stiffness properties of the arm.
  • Using EMG from voluntary muscles in C5-C6 level injury as control signal for shoulder/elbow prosthesis.
  • Restoring arm movements in individuals with high cervical spinal cord injury.

For more information, visit BrainGate2.case.edu

Professional Affiliations

  • Executive Director, Cleveland FES Center
  • Chair and Professor, Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH
  • Research Career Scientist and Biomedical Engineer, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, OH
  • Bioscientific Staff, Department of Orthopaedics, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH

Publications (Select)

  • Williams MR, Kirsch RF. Evaluation of head orientation and neck muscle EMG signals as three-dimensional command sources. J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2015;12:25. doi: 10.1186/s12984-015-0016-6 Pubmed PMID: 25881286
  • Lambrecht JM, Kirsch RF. Miniature low-power inertial sensors: promising technology for implantable motion capture systems. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2014 Nov;22(6):1138–1147. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2014.2324825 Pubmed PMID: 24846651
  • Memberg WD, Stage TG, Kirsch RF. A fully implanted intramuscular bipolar myoelectric signal recording electrode. Neuromodulation. 2014 Dec;17(8):794–799; discussion 799. doi: 10.1111/ner.12165 Pubmed PMID: 24612356
  • Chadwick EK, Blana D, Kirsch RF, van den Bogert AJ. Real-time simulation of three-dimensional shoulder girdle and arm dynamics. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2014 Jul;61(7):1947–1956. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2014.2309727 Pubmed PMID: 24956613
  • Memberg WD, Polasek KH, Hart RL, Bryden AM, Kilgore KL, Nemunaitis GA, Hoyen HA, Keith MW, Kirsch RF. Implanted neuroprosthesis for restoring arm and hand function in people with high level tetraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Jun;95(6):1201–1211.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.01.028 Pubmed PMID: 24561055
  • Schearer EM, Liao Y-W, Perreault EJ, Tresch MC, Memberg WD, Kirsch RF, Lynch KM. Multi-muscle FES force control of the human arm for arbitrary goals. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2014 May;22(3):654–663. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2013.2282903 Pubmed PMID: 24122573
  • Liao JY, Kirsch RF. Characterizing and predicting submovements during human three-dimensional arm reaches. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(7):e103387. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103387 Pubmed PMID: 25057968
  • Blana D, Hincapie JG, Chadwick EK, Kirsch RF. Selection of muscle and nerve-cuff electrodes for neuroprostheses using customizable musculoskeletal model. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(3):395–408. Pubmed PMID: 23881765
  • Ajiboye AB, Simeral JD, Donoghue JP, Hochberg LR, Kirsch RF. Prediction of imagined single-joint movements in a person with high-level tetraplegia. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2012 Oct;59(10):2755–2765. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2012.2209882 Pubmed PMID: 22851229
  • Solanki S, Kirsch RF. Evaluation of volitional control of hand with vertical force assist device for high tetraplegia. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012;2012:1339–1341. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346185 Pubmed PMID: 23366146
  • Pulliam CL, Lambrecht JM, Kirsch RF. User-in-the-loop continuous and proportional control of a virtual prosthesis in a posture matching task. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012;2012:3557–3559. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346734 Pubmed PMID: 23366695
  • Nataraj R, Audu ML, Kirsch RF, Triolo RJ. Center of mass acceleration feedback control for standing by functional neuromuscular stimulation: a simulation study. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012;49(2):279–296. Pubmed PMID: 22773529
  • Liao JY, Kirsch RF. Predicting the initiation of minimum-jerk submovements in three-dimensional target-oriented human arm trajectories. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012;2012:6797–6800. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6347555 Pubmed PMID: 23367490
  • Cornwell AS, Liao JY, Bryden AM, Kirsch RF. Standard task set for evaluating rehabilitation interventions for individuals with arm paralysis. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012;49(3):395–403. Pubmed PMID: 22773199
  • Cooman P, Kirsch RF. Control of a time-delayed 5 degrees of freedom arm model for use in upper extremity functional electrical stimulation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012;2012:322–324. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6345934 Pubmed PMID: 23365895

Research Programs

  • User-based Control of FES-based Standing Neuroprosthesis, Department of Veterans Affairs Rehabilitation, Research and Development Service
  • Restoration of Hand and Arm Function by Functional Neuromuscular Stimulation, National Institutes of Health
  • Controller Development for Upper Limb Movement

Contact Information

Contact Name: Krista Riggs
Contact Number: (216) 368-4064
Contact Email: krista.riggs@case.edurfk3@case.edu